Amoeblog

Happy Discovery Day -- Real Geographic Discoveries of the Modern Age

Posted by Eric Brightwell, October 13, 2014 04:42pm | Post a Comment

I will not make the argument that Columbus's arrival in the New World was insignificant merely because he was an absolutely awful person or because he didn't actually discover anything (which he himself maintained, claiming until his death that he'd merely found a different route to Asia). But think about this before you dismiss -- before Columbus, avocado, bell peppers, blueberries, cashews, cassava root, chili peppers, chocolate, cocaine, gourds, maize, peanuts, pecans pineapples, pumpkins, squash, tobacco, tomatoes, and vanilla were all unknown in the Old World and alcohol, apples, bananas, barley, cheese, coffee, mango, onions, rice, tea, and turnips, and wheat were unknown in the Americas. Imagine an existence without any of those and you can hopefully begin to get a taste of the importance of the Columbian Exchange. Imagine Italian cuisine without tomato sauce or gnocchi and you can't help but wonder if this is why Columbus is so dear to many Italians. Imagine, on the other hand, genocide, slavery, and old world diseases and you'll understand why he's even more hated by many others. 





 
We all know now that Columbus wasn't the first European to visit the Americas either -- but neither was Leif Erikson. Europeans had been living in the North American territory of Greenland since sometime between 876 and 932 CE when Gunnbjorn Ulfsson was blown off course and sited the world's largest island. Around 978, Snæbjorn Galti was the probably first European to set food on Greenland but we rightly don't make a big deal out of that since there were already Inuits living there and before them, an earlier people who'd arrived and abandoned the country -- and that cultural exchange was by most measures, less impactful on the planet.


The Divine Comedy - "A Seafood Song"

Greenland, of course, is just as much a part of North America as are the Bahamas (where Columbus landed) as are the US and Canada -- or Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bonaire, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Clipperton Island, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Navassa Island, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, and United States Virgin Islands, for that matter.



Crime & the City Solution - "The Bride Ship"
 

The fact is that people have been exploring for roughly 1.8 million since Homo erectus first caught that ramblin' fever years ago and identifying the first European to do something is a silly pursuit. Exploration and adventuring, on the other hand, is vital and something done by all good people (and plenty of bad). Most of the inhabitable world was discovered in antiquity but in the post-Classical age, new lands were still being discovered by humans around the planet -- especially Arab, Austronesian, and European seafarers. In the 15th Century, the more isolated islands of the Atlantic were still being added to maps with some regularity and discovery of islands in the Arctic and Southern Oceans continued into the 20th Century. Here then is a look at some of the real discoveries of the modern age -- previously uninhabited lands just waiting for humans to despoil them.





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MADEIRA

Madeira (image source: World for Travel)


Madeira was first claimed by Portuguese sailors in the service of Infante D. Henrique in 1419, who were driven by storm to an island harbor which they called Porto Santo. Settlement of the island began in 1420 and by 1433 it was known as Ilha da Madeira.



THE AZORES

Azorean chamaritta 

The Azores were known of in the 14th Century but humans didn't begin to colonize them until 1433. Before arriving, sheep were deposited to establish a food source for the colonists, who included Sephardic Jews, Moorish prisoners and African slaves, as well as Flemish, French, and Spanish colonists. Nowadays there are about a quarter of a million residents of the country.



CAPE VERDE

Morna performed in the documentary Dix petits grains de terre

The volcanic islands of the Cape Verde archipelago were discovered by Italian and Portuguese navigators around 1456. The first settlement, founded in 1462, was the first European settlement in the tropics. Located off the coast of West Africa, Cape Verde's economy was predictably built on the back of the slave trade but the African population was joined by Jewish refugees from the Inquisition, as well as Dutch, French, British, Arabs, Chinese, Indians, Indonesians, and other settlers.

Panama-By-Way-of-Oakland Hip-Hop Duo Los Rakas Talk to the Amoeblog

Posted by Billyjam, November 25, 2011 02:30pm | Post a Comment

If ever there was a Bay Area hip-hop act ready to go big time it is Los Rakas, who tonight (Friday, 11/25) play the New Parish in Oakland along with Nima Fadavi. Truly a most unique East Bay hip-hop group, they have an instantly identifiable sound and image, a great logo, and their own philosophy ("the Raka Rules" they say are simple but sound; "Be yourself"). 

Comprised of the two cousins Raka Dun and Raka Rich (both now in their mid twenties) they grew up in Panama where they soaked up reggae, dancehall, samba, soca, and salsa before immigrating to the US a decade or so ago. Upon arrival in the Bay Area they each fell in love with the then burgeoning homegrown hyphy sound whose quirky production values  influenced the talented duo's music - a unique blend of traditional Panama sounds, reggae dancehall, reggaeton & Bay Area beats plus some other musical flavors too, all rapped & sung in Spanish that has been labelled "Panabay." While so far they've been rapping pretty much exclusively En Espanol they've recently done a series of collaborations with English speaking (American rapping/singing) artists including E40 and Goapele - all of which, no doubt, will assist in the pair gaining their deserved mass appeal.

A few months ago Los Rakas released their first official CD release (the recommended, independently released eight song EP Chancletas y Camisetas Bordada which is available at Amoeba Music) but the talented duo have been busy recording & releasing a steady stream of songs for several years now - most of which they gave away as free song or mixtape downloads. These have included 2006's Panabay Twist and 2009's Panabay Twist Vol 2.: La Tanda Del Bus. Together with a series of popular music videos posted online, most notably the viral video for "Soy Raka" that showcased Oakland's turfin' dance craze, Los Rakas have been grabbing the attention of music fans near and far. Still unsigned they've been creating the kind of buzz typical for an act with a major label push.

Last year Los Rakas won a prestigious Discovery Artist award from the Latin Alternative Music Conference (LAMC). They've gotten airplay on such influential commercial radio stations as KMEL San Francisco, Latino 96.3 Los Angeles, and La Mega 97.9 New York and shared concert bills with such national stars as Mos Def, Lupe Fiasco, ?uestlove, Outkast, and Nas & Damien Marley. In fact over the past year and a half they've been gigging non-stop. Last Saturday night they headlined a packed show at S.O.B.s in New York City.

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