Domination & Dragons: Georges Bataille's Story of the Eye (2003) & How to Train Your Dragon (2010)

Posted by Charles Reece, December 19, 2010 11:29pm | Post a Comment
georges bataille's story of the eye

Andrew McElhinney's adaptation of Georges Bataille's perverse classic, Story of the Eye, is transgressive in the way Lady GaGa challenges our notions of sexual identity. Its cast seems to have come from gay S&M clubs, Korn videos and Midwestern strip joints. I don't have Phil Donahue to tell me what middle America is thinking any more, so maybe the sight of a pierced black cock that looks like a Subway sandwich is still provocative up in Bakersfield. I'm certain my 95-year old grandmother would rather watch her soaps, but so would I. I knew I was in for a boring ride when the film opened with actual footage of a baby's birth, as if Hollywood still had Rob and Laura Petrie sleeping in single beds. Then came a scene with the Korn extra controlling via a joystick two dancing women with torsos painted to look like faces under big top hats. Guess what the joystick is replaced with through the magic of montage. Hasn't the phallic joystick become such a frozen metaphor at this point that it's literal? This is hardly the metonymic eroticism Roland Barthes once analyzed where eyes, eggs and breasts become signs of each other through cleverly structured vignettes of abject sexuality. Whereas Bataille's love story begins with a decapitated cyclist, McElhinney shows the application of a condom to promote safe sex! After about 5 minutes of gay porn involving a bleached blonde sailor boy pitted against the aforementioned Moby Dick of, umm, deli sandwiches, I began to fast forward, looking for anything involving buttocks and egg cracking, but to no avail. Maybe it's old-fashioned to be thinking of the halcyon days of transgression, however McElhinney's sexual terrain would've been flyover country back in de Sade's time.

apocalypto sacrifice

You're better off watching Apocalypto, where Mel Gibson displays true Bataillean flair by taking his time in showing a Mayan sacrifice. As with the mortification of Jesus' body in The Passion of Christ, Gibson eroticizes the sacrificial act, beginning with the arduous walk up the steps of the great temple to the removal of the victim's heart to his beheading and then to the tossing of the headless corpse down the steps. (Inspired, he goes on to show another sacrifice, albeit it in not quite as much detail.) In both films, pain builds until it's released through violent ejaculation. Gibson was particularly interested in why a civilization like the Mayans (one could ask the same of the Romans), rationally capable of creating such architectural marvels, would treat another human so cruelly. For Bataille, it had to do with the material baseness of any rational structure, society's blindspot, or the madness that makes it all possible. Against the ratio of the Hegelian master-slave dialectic, he suggested that Aztec sacrifice (which Gibson had considered using, but went with the Mayans instead) was a way of resisting the reduction of human life into pure exchange value. While the slave can be exchanged in a rational system, the sacrifice is pure excess, or waste, and can't be used for anything else. In this manner, it becomes sacred ("heterogeneous"), suggestive of something beyond the homogenizing structures their culture placed upon them, and was therefore a foundational act.   

how to train your dragon

In Dean DeBlois and Chris Sanders' (or should I say Dreamworks') How to Train Your Dragon, pure master-servant equilibrium is established, in which the once ballyhooed End of History occurs when the humans achieve proper mastery over nature qua dragons. It's the story of a little, effete Viking boy, who's the embarrassment of his macho father, becoming the glorious hero of the town after he learns how to control the dragons by befriending one of them. Until then, the Vikings and dragons were mortal enemies on a seemingly equal level. I suppose this teaches kids something about reality. And, to its credit, the film celebrates amputation (something that The Walking Dead, an adult show about zombies, chickens out on). But it has a parallel to the old racist canard that blacks are better off for being brought to the States as slaves because of the miserable state of affairs back in Africa. It turns out, you see, that all the dragons are slaves to a much bigger, tyrannical dragon. At the end of the picture, they find more peace and happiness serving the humans than they ever did serving one of their own. In other words, the dragons never rise above their exchange value, since they see no alternative. Perhaps a dragon sacrifice is in order.

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How To Train Your Dragon (1), Chris Sanders (1), Georges Bataille's Story Of The Eye (1), Mel Gibson (6), Dean Deblois (1), Apocalypto (1), Georges Bataille (3)