Megadeth - Biography
By Scott Feemster
Based around founder and only original member Dave Mustaine, Megadeth has, over it's 20+ year career, carved out a place for itself as one of the original and longest lived proponents of the thrash-metal genre. Though the band has battled with member's substance abuse problems and an almost revolving door membership, the group had repeatedly racked up enormous record sales and has toured successfully throughout their career.
Guitarist and singer Dave Mustaine was born on September 13th, in La Mesa, California. He grew up in a broken home, and he and his mother and sisters moved quite frequently to stay away from his abusive father. By the age of 17, Mustaine was supporting himself by selling drugs, and rented his own apartment. One of his customers worked at a record store, and when short of cash to pay for drugs, started trading Mustaine albums by heavy metal bands like Judas Priest and Iron Maiden. Soon Mustaine took the albums as inspiration, and taught himself how to play guitar. After joining a band called Panic for a short time, Mustaine answered an ad in a local newspaper for a band looking for a lead guitarist. That band turned out to be Metallica, and Mustaine would serve as the band's lead guitarist for less than two years. Mustaine served in the band when they were perfecting the cross-pollination of hardcore punk and metal often called thrash-metal or speed-metal, and by the time Mustaine was kicked out of the band for his behavior and substance abuse, Metallica was building up a sizable following of fans. After Mustaine was fired from Metallica, he swore to build up a new band that would be heavier and faster than Metallica, and just two months after his dismissal, formed Megadeth with bassist Dave Ellefson, drummer Dijon Carruthers and guitarist Greg Handevidt. Initially the band looked for a vocalist, but after many auditions, Mustaine decided that he could sing, as well as serve as the band's co-lead guitarist, (Megadeth has always had a history of two guitarists who can trade off lead and rhythm duties), main songwriter and main lyricist. The sound of Megadeth was indeed heavier and speedier than even Metallica, and stripped away some of the progressive rock influences that Metallica flirted with in some of their songs to a more straight-forward style of thrash.
After playing gigs in the fertile Southern California metal scene and undergoing the first of many personnel changes, by 1984 Megadeth were ready to record a demo of some of their songs. With Mustaine, Ellefson and drummer Lee Rausch, the group recorded a three song demo, which brought them to the attention of the New York-based metal label Combat Records, and the group signed with label soon after. Guitarist Kerry King filled in as the second guitarist for a short time, but left to concentrate on his primary band, Slayer. Rausch was also replaced by drummer Gar Samuelson, who came from a background of playing in jazz-fusion bands, and after King quit the band, Samuelson brought in his friend, guitarist Chris Poland, who had played with Samuelson in the fusion scene. Now with a technically gifted line-up and a recording deal, the band was ready to record it's first album. Unfortunately, the band also had a huge appetite for drugs and alcohol, and spent over half of the budget they had been given to record the album on their recreational habits. Because of this, they had to fire their original producer, and ended up producing the album themselves. Killing Is My Business...and Business Is Good! (Combat) was released in 1985, and even though the production wasn't all it could have been, it established the band as a new force in metal, and definite contenders for the crown of the heaviest and fastest bands along with Metallica and Slayer. The album artwork also introduced the band mascot, Vic Rattlehead, whose skeletal head is covered with a riveted-on visor, a clamp for his mouth and metal caps for his ears, embodying the phrase “See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil”. Initial copies of the album included a speed-metal version of Nancy Sinatra's classic 60's era hit “These Boots Are Made For Walking”, but after 1995, because of a suit filed by the song's author, Lee Hazlewood, the song was pulled from all further pressings of the album. The group toured in support of the album through North America, and when guitarist Poland left the band abruptly in the middle of the tour, his place was taken by Mike Albert. Once back from the tour, Poland rejoined the band. The group started work on a new album, but with Combat's limited recording budget, the group were unhappy with the results they could get, and so went looking for a major label deal. They signed to Capitol Records soon after, and got a new producer to come in and remix the material they had already recorded. The result was the album Peace Sells...But Who's Buying? (Capitol), released at the end of 1986. Peace Sells... was both a commercial and critical success, and went on to sell more than a million copies in just the U.S. It has been hailed in years since as one of the most influential metal albums of the 1980's. After release of the album, Megadeth toured supporting Alice Cooper, and then headlined their own tour in both North America and Europe. At the conclusion of the touring in support of Peace Sells..., both Samuelson and Poland were sacked from the band, reportedly due to excessive substance abuse. Samuelson was replaced by drummer Chuck Behler, and Poland was at first replaced by Malice guitarist Jay Reynolds, but as the band got to work on their next album, Reynolds was replaced by guitarist Jeff Young, who had actually been one of Reynold's guitar teachers.
With a new line-up of the band in place, the group spent the next few months recording, but substance abuse problems plagued the sessions, this time mostly due to Mustaine's heroin addiction. The producer the band had used for Peace Sells..., Paul Lani, was originally tapped for the new album, but after a falling out with Mustaine, the group retained producer Michael Wagner to finish the sessions. Megadeth released So Far, So Good....So What! (Capitol) in January of 1988, and though the album went platinum in the U.S., it was widely panned by both critics and some fans of the band as sounding forced and not as genuine as their earlier albums had. The album also featured a cover version of the Sex Pistols' “Anarchy In The U.K.”, which featured lyrics unintentionally altered by Mustaine because he had heard the original lyrics wrong and never bothered to check what the original lyrics were. The group appeared in the 1988 Penelope Spheeris documentary The Decline of Western Civilization II: The Metal Years as an antidote to many of the “hair-metal” bands that populated Southern California in that period of time. Megadeth also toured around the world with such bands as Dio and Iron Maiden, and appeared at the Monsters of Rock festival at Castle Donnington in the United Kingdom. At the conclusion of the tour, Mustaine fired both Behler and Young from the band. Drummer Nick Menza was drafted as the group's new drummer, and the group continued as a three-piece for a short period of time, until Mustaine was arrested in the summer of 1989 for driving while intoxicated and possession of narcotics. Soon after, Mustaine was ordered into rehab, and emerged sober for the first time in over ten years.
With Mustaine sober, the group continued looking for another guitarist, and spent time auditioning many prospective members, but eventually settled on ex-Cacophony guitarist Marty Friedman. With the entire band being sober for the first time in the studio, the proceedings were far more streamlined and focused, and the band delivered Rust In Peace (Capitol) in September of 1990 to a chorus of approval from both critics and the band's fans. Rust In Peace went on to sell over a million copies, and was nominated in both 1991 and 1992 for Grammys for Best Metal Performance. In 1990, Megadeth joined with Slayer, Testament and Suicidal Tendencies for the European leg of the Clash of the Titans tour, and followed that up with appearances at Rock In Rio in Brazil and the American version of Clash of the Titans with Slayer, Anthrax and Alice In Chains. From there, the group started work on a new album, Countdown To Extinction (Capitol), which was released in 1992. Co-producer Max Norman, who had also worked with the band on their previous album, pushed the group to write more radio-friendly songs, and actively encouraged songwriting contributions from the other members of the band besides Mustaine. Countdown To Extinction debuted at #2 on the U.S. album charts, and went on to earn double-platinum status in sales and was nominated for a Grammy for Best Metal Performance. The group again toured the world in support of the album, with such bands as Pantera, Suicidal Tendencies and Stone Temple Pilots, though the last leg of their North American tour had to be canceled because Mustaine had lapsed again into substance abuse. After a seven week program, Mustaine was clean again, and the band returned to the stage again in June of 1993 when they appeared as special guests at a Metallica concert in the U.K., thus effectively healing the riff that had existed between Mustaine and his former bandmates.
With three of the bandmembers now living in Arizona, Megadeth decided to record their next record there, but after problems arose with the original studio the band had selected, they decided, with co-producer Max Norman, to build their own studio inside of a warehouse in Phoenix. For the first time in their career, the group wrote and recorded a whole album together inside of a studio. The result, the album Youthanasia (Capitol), was released in late 1994, and continued the band's drift towards a more radio-friendly sound. Youthanasia was another huge success, and it earned Megadeth another platinum selling album. The group embarked on an almost year-long worldwide tour in support of the album, and also contributed a cover version of the song “Paranoid” to the compilation Nativity In Black, the first tribute album to metal godfathers Black Sabbath. Due to fan demand, the group released an EP of all of their songs that had appeared on soundtracks and compilation albums, called Hidden Treasures (Capitol) in July of 1995. Following their touring obligations, Megadeth took time off, during which time Mustaine worked on his side project MD.45 with Lee Ving, the singer of punk band Fear. Once the band resumed in 1996, it was decided they would go in an even more commercial direction, and worked with new producer/manager Bud Prager in Nashville to that end. The resulting album, Cryptic Writings (Capitol), was released in June of 1997. Though it received mixed reviews from critics, it was another success for the band, and was the group's sixth consecutive album to go gold in the United States. The group returned to the road in support of the album, but halfway through the duration of the tour, drummer Nick Menza discovered he had a tumor on his knee, and had to leave the tour and be operated on. The group at first replaced him with temporary drummer Jimmy DeGrasso, but decided later to keep DeGrasso as Menza's full-time replacement. With the success of Cryptic Writings, Mustaine ceded more control of the band's sound over to Prager and co-producer Dann Huff, and the two brought in elements of electronica and more pop influences, almost to the exclusion of any metal. Once the album, Risk (Capitol) was released in 1999, it bombed both commercially and critically. The group toured in support of the album, but three months into the tour, guitarist Friedman quit the band, citing musical differences, and was replaced by guitarist Al Pitrelli, formerly of Savatage and Alice Cooper. The group started to record another album, this time a return to their thrash-metal sound, in 2000, but in the middle of recording, got an offer to tour with Anthrax and Motley Crue. Soon after the tour, the band found out that Capitol would be dropping them from their roster, and instead of issuing the new album by the band, issued a greatest hits record with the unfortunate title Capitol Punishment: The Megadeth Years (Capitol)(2000). Though the album was a good-bye from Capitol, it did include two new songs, “Dread And The Fugitive Mind” and “Kill The King”, which showed the band returning to their metal roots.
Megadeth signed with Sanctuary Records in 2000, and returned to the studio to finish up the album they had begun when signed to Capitol. The World Needs A Hero (Sanctuary) was released in 2001, and while it didn't get great reviews from many critics, it did give the band's old fans new hope that they had returned to their metal roots. Megadeth launched another tour in support of the album, but the tour was cut short following the attacks of September 11th, 2001 on New York City. The group had planned to record a live CD and DVD in Argentina while on tour, but instead recorded two shows in Arizona, which were released on the live CD and DVD Rude Awakening (Sanctuary). Mustaine also took time out in 2002 to work on remixing and remastering the band's first album to bring it up to the quality of modern metal albums. In early 2002, Mustaine was admitted to the hospital to remove a kidney stone, and while there, back under the influence of opiates, he suffered a relapse. Upon his release, Mustaine immediately checked himself into a rehabilitation facility, and while there suffered a freak nerve injury, called radial neuropathy, which caused him to not be able to grasp anything with his left fist. Faced with not being able to play guitar again, Mustaine announced that Megadeth was disbanding. To fulfill contract obligations, Sanctuary released the compilation album Still Alive...And Well? in 2002. After almost a year of intensive therapy, Mustaine was able to teach himself how to play guitar again, and started work on sessions for a solo album with session musicians drummer Vinnie Colaiuta and bassist Jimmy Sloas, but Mustaine put the project on hold when he was asked to remix and remaster Megadeth's back catalog by Capitol, re-recording some parts that had been lost and replacing some parts that he hadn't liked in the initial recording sessions. In 2004, Mustaine returned to his solo recordings, but due to some contractual obligations, he learned that he needed to deliver another album under the Megadeth name. Mustaine decided to see if he could reform the Rust In Peace-era line-up of the band, and while drummer Nick Menza was onboard, bassist Dave Ellefson and guitarist Marty Friedman couldn't come to an acceptable financial agreement with Mustaine. Instead, Mustaine contacted former lead guitarist Chris Poland, who agreed to play on a new album, but wouldn't be interested in touring and remaining in the band. Megadeth released their “comeback” album The System Has Failed (Sanctuary) in 2004, to positive reviews from both critics and the band's longtime fans. At the beginning of the tour, Mustaine announced that this would be Megadeth's last tour, and he would pursue a solo career after the tour's end. Enlisting bassist James MacDonough from Iced Earth and guitarist Glen Drover from Canadian metal band Eidolon, the band started rehearsals for the tour, but just a few days into it, it became apparent that Menza would not be able to physically play the duration of the tour, so Drover contacted his brother Shawn Drover, the drummer in Eidolon, and the Drover brothers and MacDonough completed the touring line-up of Megadeth. With The System Has Failed and the tour being such a success, Mustaine had a change of heart about the future of the band, and decided he would carry on. The last night of the 2005 Blackmail The Universe tour, performed in Buenos Aires, Argentina, was filmed and released as a DVD and CD in 2007 under the title That One Night: Live In Buenos Aires (Image). Bassist MacDonough left Megadeth in early 2006, and was replaced by former Black Label Society and White Lion bassist James Lomenzo. The new line-up of Mustaine, Drover, Drover and Lomenzo recorded Megadeth's eleventh studio album United Abominations (Roadrunner), released in May of 2007, and saw the album debut at #8 in the U.S., the highest chart position the band had enjoyed since 1994. The group toured in support of the album with Heaven and Hell, (the reformed Dio-era Black Sabbath), and also embarked on their own Tour Of Duty tour which took them across North America and into Asia and Australia. In early 2008, guitarist Glen Drover announced he was leaving the band, and was replaced by guitarist Chris Broderick, formerly of Jag Panzer and Nevermore. The new line-up of the band has toured and is expecting to release a new album sometime in 2009.