Pharoah Sanders is a leading figure in the world of jazz and one of last living legends with connections to players like Sun Ra and John Coltrane. His tenor saxophone playing has earned him royal status amongst free jazz players, critics and collectors. He was born Farrell Sanders in 1940 in Little Rock, AR. He came from a musical family. His grandfather was a teacher who taught both math and music. Sanders' mother and sisters sang in clubs as well as giving piano lessons. Sanders was musical himself, from an early age. He learned to play drums and played in his high school band. While playing in this group Sanders began to play tenor saxophone and quickly adapted to the instrument.