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, the melding of rock and roll with Chicano music, started in San Antonio
in the late 1950s. It quickly spread to all Mexican-American communities throughout the Southwest. It wasn’t called Tex-Mex in L.A., but there was a similar aesthetic in all the Chicano communities and I’ll lump them together for the purposes of this article.
Some of the more famous bands in Texas were The Sir Douglas Quintet
,Sunny & the Sunliners
,Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs
, Little Joe & the Latinaires
, Freddie Fender
, Rocky Gil
, and The Royal Jesters
. In L.A., it started with Ritchie Valens
and Chris Montez
, and the mid-‘60s saw the rise of Thee Midnighters
, The Premiers
, Cannibal & the Headhunters
, and a host of lesser known bands.