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On this day in music history: September 16, 1963 - "She Loves You" by The Beatles is released in the US. Written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, it is the band's third single to be released in the US. Lennon and McCartney will begin writing the song while The Beatles are touring the UK with fellow Liverpudlians Gerry & The Pacemakers and American star Roy Orbison in June of 1963. They will finish writing it over the next couple of days before recording it at Abbey Road Studios on July 1, 1963. The single's B-side, "I'll Get You," will also be recorded during the same session. The single is released by Philadelphia-based indie label Swan Records after it is offered to both Capitol and Vee Jay Records who both turn it down. At first, the single will receive only minimal exposure and fails to make the Billboard Hot 100. After the band breaks through with "I Want To Hold Your Hand" a few months later, Swan will reissue "She Loves You" in January of 1964 and it will re-enter the chart hitting #1 on the Hot 100 on March 21, 1964, becoming their second million-selling single in the US. Swan Records will also release the bands German language version of the song titled "Sie Liebt Dich" (recorded in Paris on January 29, 1964 during the same recording session for "Can't Buy Me Love" and the German version of "I Want To Hold Your Hand," titled "Komm Gib Mir Deine Hand") on May 21, 1964, following the chart topping success of the original version. However, it will sell poorly, peaking at #97 on the Hot 100 on June 27, 1964.
On this day in music history: September 16, 1972 - "Black And White" by Three Dog Night hits #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for one week. Written by David Arkin and Earl Robinson, it is the third chart-topping single for the LA-based band. The song is originally written in 1954 by songwriters Robinson and Arkin (father of actor Alan Arkin) and is inspired by the landmark Supreme Court case of Brown v. The Board Of Education, which outlawed racial segregation in public schools. The song was first recorded by Pete Seeger in 1956 and by Sammy Davis, Jr. in 1957. Three Dog Night will hear the song while on a tour of Europe (on a Dutch radio station) covered by the Jamaican band Greyhound. Sung by Danny Hutton, Three Dog Night's version will be an immediate hit. Entering the Hot 100 at #61 on August 12, 1972, it will streak to the top of the chart five weeks later. "Black And White" is certified Gold in the US by the RIAA.
On this day in music history: September 16, 1977 - Talking Heads: 77, the debut album by Talking Heads is released. Produced by Talking Heads with Tony Bongiovi and Lance Quinn, it is recorded at Sundragon Studios in New York City from late 1976 - mid 1977. The band's first album contains several songs were written during the bands' residency at the legendary punk rock club CBGB's in New York City. The single "Psycho Killer" (#92 Pop) will become one of their signature tunes and one of their most enduring. The album will be remastered as a DualDisc CD in 2005 with one side featuring a standard redbook CD with five bonus tracks, and the other side containing a DVD-A (DVD Audio) version of the album with the original stereo mix and a high definition 5.1 Surround mix (remixed by E.T. Thorngren and Jerry Harrison), with two live performance videos of the band performing "Pulled Up" (Live at Sproul Plaza in Berkeley, CA in 1978) and "I Feel It In My Heart" (Live at The Kitchen in New York City in 1976). It will also see its first release on vinyl in nearly twenty years when it is reissued as a 180g LP on Record Store Day in April of 2009. Talking Heads: 77 will peak at #97 on the Billboard Top 200.
On this day in music history: September 16, 1978 - Don't Look Back, the second album by Boston hits #1 on the Billboard Top 200 for two weeks (non-consecutive). Produced by Tom Scholz, it is recorded at Scholz's Hideaway Studio in Boston and Northern Studios in Maynard, MA from mid 1977 - mid 1978. Issued as the follow-up to the band's smash multi-platinum debut, the bulk of it is recorded in Scholz's home studio over the period of a year. Though highly successful, band leader Tom Scholz will later complain that he felt pressured by CBS Records to deliver the album before he feels that is finished. With the album clocking in at under 34 minutes, Scholz vows that this will never happen again, resulting in a years-long lawsuit between him and CBS over non delivery of their third album. Don't Look Back will be among the first commercially released compact discs by CBS Records in 1983, but will be quickly withdrawn from retail because of the ongoing legal issues between Boston and CBS. It will not be re-released until 1986 when the band will leave for MCA Records, having won their release from Epic Records. The album will spin off three singles including "A Man I'll Never Be" (#31 Pop) and the title track (#4 Pop). Don't Look Back will be certified 7x Platinum in the US by the RIAA.
On this day in music history: September 16, 1979 - "Rapper's Delight," the debut single by the Sugarhill Gang is released. Written by Michael Wright, Hank Jackson, Guy O'Brien, Sylvia Robinson, Bernard Edwards, and Nile Rodgers, it is the debut release biggest hit for the New Jersey based rap trio. Recorded at Joe and Sylvia Robinson's All Platinum Studios (redubbed "Sugar Hill Studios") in Englewood, NJ, the rhythm track and vocals will be recorded entirely live in a single take. Though technically not the first rap record released ("King Tim III (Personality Jock)" by Fatback is released a few weeks before in August of 1979), it will spread the New York City underground phenomenon beyond its five boroughs to the rest of the US and the world. The song is an instant smash and at its sales peak is selling over 30,000 copies a day. Initially released only as a 12" single, it will sell over 3 million copies in the US alone (featuring the full unedited version on one side with original labels listing the run time as 15:00 -- although the actual running time is 14:29 -- and an edited version on the flipside listing the runtime as 6:30 when the actual running time is 7:10. It is later revealed that the verses by Big Bank Hank were actually written by Grandmaster Caz (aka Curtis Fisher) of the Cold Crush Brothers but will not receive a writing credit or royalties from sales of the record. Chic members Bernard Edwards and Nile Rodgers will also have to sue Sugarhill for proper credit and royalties since the song borrows the music (also cutting in the strings from Chic's record) from the band's recent smash "Good Times." "Rapper's Delight" will peak at #4 on the Billboard R&B singles chart and #36 on the Hot 100. The single will be a huge international hit as well, peaking at #3 on the UK singles chart and hitting #1 in Canada and The Netherlands.
On this day in music history: September 16, 1988 - Eazy-Duz-It, the debut album by Eazy-E is released. Produced by Dr. Dre and DJ Yella, it is recorded at Audio Achievements in Torrance, CA from late 1987 - mid 1988. Released on the heels of NWA's first album Straight Outta Compton, the first solo release for the Ruthless Records founder will have a similar trajectory to success. Masterfully combining Dre's beats with Eazy's distinctive voice and delivery (with lyrics mostly written by Ice Cube and MC Ren), it will follow in vein of NWA's debut. In spite of receiving only minor radio and MTV exposure for the music videos, it will go platinum shortly after its release. It will spin off three singles including "We Want Eazy" and the title track. It will go on to be regarded as a definitive hardcore rap album and a classic of the genre. Eazy-Duz-It will peak at #12 on the Billboard R&B album chart and #41 on the Top 200, and is certified 2x Platinum in the US by the RIAA.
On this day in music history: September 16, 1991 - Laughing Stock, the fifth album by Talk Talk is released. Produced by Tim Friese-Greene, it is recorded at Wessex Studios in London from September 1990 - April 1991. The band's first new album since departing their longtime label EMI Records (releasing it in the UK on Verve Records and in the US by Polydor Records, both distributed by Polygram Group Distribution), the band is also reduced to a duo at this point (consisting of lead singer and multi-instrumentalist Mark Hollis and drummer Lee Harris) with bassist Paul Webb having left prior to the recording sessions. In the studio, Hollis and Harris will be musically supported by hired musicians and longtime producer Tim Friese-Greene. The album will see them going in an even more experimental direction than before, veering away from their trademark synth-pop/art-rock sound. The band will often improvise during the recording sessions, with a number of the tracks having a jazz influenced sound. In many ways the album will defy easy categorization, leaving Polygram at a loss as to how to market it properly, especially in the US. As a result of its poor sales, Talk Talk will split up months after its release in 1992, though in time it will be regarded as one of their finest works. Laughing Stock will peak at #26 on the UK album chart and will not chart on the Billboard Top 200.