Credits



Missy Elliott: Producer
Guru: Engineer
Beyoncé: Producer, Executive Producer, Vocal Producer
Luther Vandross: Vocal Arrangement
Big Boi: Vocal Producer
Cissy Houston: Backing Vocals
Scott Storch: Producer
Tony Maserati: Mixing
Markus Klinko: Photography
Bashiri Johnson: Percussion
Dexter Simmons: Mixing
Mark Batson: Conductor, Producer, Arranger
Ray Bardani: Mixing, String Engineer
Rich Harrison: Producer, Multi-Instruments
Nat Adderley, Jr.: Producer, Electric Piano, Arranger
Andreao "Fanatic" Heard: Producer
Al Brown: String Contractor
Tom Coyne: Mastering
Bryce Wilson: Producer
Sanford Allen: Concertmaster
Sherrod Barnes: Producer
Byron Miller: Bass
Dan Workman: Guitar, Engineer
Tawatha Agee: Backing Vocals
Brian Springer: Engineer
Carlos Bedoya: Engineer, Vocal Engineer
Chris Carmouche: Engineer
Craig Brockman: Producer
Errol "Poppi" McCalla: Producer
Greg Price: Mixing Assistant
Jason Dale: Mixing Assistant
Jim Caruana: Engineer
Mathew Knowles: Executive Producer
Pat Thrall: Engineer
Patrick Woodward: Mixing Assistant
Scott Kieklak: Mixing
Stan Wallace: Engineer
Vincent Alexander: Engineer
Brenda White-King: Backing Vocals
Candace Thomas: Backing Vocals
Chuck Amos: Hair Stylist
Dan Bucchi: Mixing Assistant
Ian Cuttler: Artwork Direction
Ivan Hampden: Drums
John Broussard: Guitar
Kevin Bird: Prop Stylist
Luz Vasquez: Mixing Assistant
Mally Roncal: Make-Up
Matt Snedecor: Mixing Assistant
Mister B: Producer
Phil Hamilton: Guitar
Skip Anderson: Programming, Keyboards, Arranger
Theresa LaBarbera Whites: A & R
Tina Knowles: Stylist
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