Credits



Jay Z: Rap
Sean Garrett: Producer
Rich Harrison: Producer, Mixing
Beyoncé Knowles: Producer, Executive Producer, Mixing
Erwin Gorostiza: Artwork Direction
Jason Goldstein: Mixing
S. Smith: Producer
Steve Tolle: Mixing Assistant
Jim Caruana: Engineer
Jun Ishizeki: Assistant Engineer
Mathew Knowles: A & R, Executive Producer
Max Gousse: A & R
Rob Kinelski: Assistant Engineer
Mikkel S. Eriksen: Instrumentation
Cameron Wallace: Producer
Espen Lind: Guitar
Fusako Chubachi: Design, Artwork Direction
Geoffrey Rice: Engineer
Jamie Rosenberg: Engineer
Max Vadukul: Photography
Ronald Judge: Horn
Tina Knowles: Stylist
Ty Hunter: Stylist
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